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Association of periodontal diseases to anxiety and stress

Maryam Abrishami, Zeynab Abdi Zamharir, Sajedeh Ghorbanzadeh

Abstract


The effect of periodontal diseases is not equal for the people of a same community. There are risk factors in some people making them more sensitive to the disease spread. Getting infected to certain pathogens, cigarette, and uncontrolled diabetes increases the risk of periodontitis. Other factors such as stress, depression, and anxiety are not considered as absolute risk factors, yet. The biological justification for this relationship is that the psychological status and facing with stressors could change the immune response and made the individual more sensitive to the disease spread. The aim of the present article was to review the periodontal relationship with psychological factors of anxiety and stress. The research is conducted using review article method and by searching through keywords such as anxiety, periodontal disease, and stress in PubMed. Most of the published studies are backing up of a positive relationship between periodontitis and socio psychological factors. Diff erent lifestyles, stressful situation, hormonal changes, dental negligence, bad habits like smoking are considered as predisposing factors of periodontal diseases.


Keywords


Anxiety; depression; periodontal disease; stress

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References


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