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Viruses in periodontics

Bharati Kolliyavar, Anand Patil, Srinath L Takur


The main purpose of this review was to assess the documentation supporting the preposition that viruses will cause periodontal disease. Human immunodeficiency virus and herpes viruses are found to be involved in periodontitis. Viral DNA has been disclosed in gingival tissue, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and subgingival plaque from periodontally diseased sites. The presence of these viruses in periodontal sites may suggest that these viral re-activation triggers periodontal disease activity. Periodontal disease shows the alternate periods of activity and inactivity, this suggests that the viruses along with bacteria’s might be responsible for the above. Reverences regarding sampling, methods and elucidation will bring an uncertainty regarding the viruses as the causative factor for periodontal disease.


Epstein-Barr virus; herpes virus 1; human cytomegalovirus; periodontal disease; polymerase chain reaction

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