Open Journal Systems

Cover Image

Bone augmentation using autogenous block grafts and particulate bovine bone in the severe atrophic ridges : Case Reviews

Farhan Durrani

Abstract


Implant surgeon should take advantage of advances in instrumentation and grafting biomaterials to augment the deficient ridges. Biotechnology has greatly improved our ability to predict and reconstruct osseous defects. In addition to present specific bone grafting techniques used to restore hard tissue volume defects at the sites, the volume of augmentation defines the procedure. Significant amounts of autogenous bone can be procured from symphysis or ramus region of the mandible. The cortical grafts of this area provide predictable increase in bone volume with a short healing time and yield a highly dense osseous architecture for implant placement. This review discusses the use of autogenous block grafts and bovine bone allograft for predictable bone augmentation in atrophic ridges.


Keywords


Allograft; autogenous graft; bone grafting; dental implants; guided bone regeneration

Full Text:

ABSTRACT PDF

References


Adeyemo WL, Reuther T, Bloch W, Korkmaz Y, Fischer JH, Zöller JE, et al. Healing of onlay mandibular bone graft s covered with collagen membrane or bovine bone substitutes: A microscopical and immunohistochemical study in the sheep. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;37:651-9.

Aghaloo TL, Moy PK. Which hard tissue augmentation techniques are the most successful in furnishing bony support for implant placement? Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2007;22 Suppl:49-70.

Smukler H, Capri D, Landi L. Harvesting bone in the recipient sites for ridge augmentation. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2008;28:411-9.

Nyman S, Lang NP, Buser D, Bragger U. Bone regeneration adjacent to titanium dental implants using guided tissue regeneration: A report of two cases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1990;5:9-14.

Lang NP, Hämmerle CH, Brägger U, Lehmann B, Nyman SR. Guided tissue regeneration in jawbone defects prior to implant placement. Clin Oral Implants Res 1994;5:92-7.

Fritz ME, Jeff coat MK, Reddy M, Koth D, Braswell LD, Malmquist J, et al. Guided bone regeneration of large mandibular defects in a primate model. J Periodontol 2000;71:1484-91.

Rompen EH, Biewer R, Vanheusden A, Zahedi S, Nusgens B. The influence of cortical perforations and of space filling withperipheral blood on the kinetics of guided bone generation. A comparative histometric study in the rat. Clin Oral Implants Res 1999;10:85-94.

Carpio L, Loza J, Lynch S, Genco R. Guided bone regeneration around endosseous implants with anorganic bovine bone mineral. A randomized controlled trial comparing bioabsorbable versus. non-resorbable barriers. J Periodontol 2000;71:1743-9.

Zitzmann NU, Naef R, Schärer P. Resorbable versus. Non - resorbable membranes in combination with Bio-Oss for guided bone regeneration. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1997;12:844-52.

Moses O, Pitaru S, Artzi Z, Nemcovsky CE. Healing of dehiscence-type defects in implants placed together with different barrier membranes: A comparative clinical study. Clin Oral Implants Res 2005;16:210-9.

Smukler H, Chaibi MS. Ridge augmentation in preparation for conventional and implant-supported restorations. Compend Suppl 1994:S706-10.

Smukler H, Barboza EP, Burliss C. A new approach to regeneration of surgically reduced alveolar ridges in dogs: A clinical and histologic study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1995;10:537-51.

Simion M, Trisi P, Piattelli A. Vertical ridge augmentation using a membrane technique associated with osseointegrated implants. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 1994;14:496-511.

Donos N, Kostopoulos L, Karring T. Alveolar ridge augmentation using a resorbable copolymer membrane and autogenous bone grafts. An experimental study in the rat. Clin Oral Implants Res 2002;13:203-13.

Nyström E, Nilson H, Gunne J, Lundgren S. A 9-14 year follow-up of onlay bone grafting in the atrophic maxilla. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2009;38:111-6.

Widmark G, Andersson B, Ivanoff CJ. Mandibular bone graft in the anterior maxilla for single-tooth implants.

Presentation of surgical method. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1997;26:106-9.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
x
Message