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Stem Cells in Dentistry

Maria Monisha, Tatu Joy, Shashi Kiran


Scientific progression in the field of molecular biology has unraveled the regenerative capacity of lost tissue in the human body with stem cells. The regenerative capacity of oral and dental tissues is an emerging trend in the field of dentistry. The property of stem cell is unique where it can be transformed to any form of desirable cell. Many studies and researches are been conducted to unveil the potency of stem cells. Among the various tissues, dental pulp in the tooth is considered a nature gifted stem cell for regeneration and tissue engineering application. Due to the advances in the field of dentistry, we are in the verge of shift from simple procedures for disease management to biological care for diagnosis and treatment. This article aims at briefly reviewing literature obtained about stem cells with emphasis on their properties, method of harvesting, preservation, and their importance in cranial and maxillofacial region. Stem cells derived from tooth have immense dental and medical application. The future dentistry is stem cell based where one’s own cell can be used to cure diseases. The utilization of dental tissue for regeneration in the maxillofacial region is becoming clearer and will lead to significant benefits in the management of dental diseases.


Craniofacial defect; dental pulp; scaffolds; stem cells; tooth regeneration

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